By R. F. Tylecote
First released in 1976. moment variation released 1992, reprinted in 2002 and 2011. during this booklet Professor Tylecote provides a special creation to the background of metallurgy from the earliest instances to the current. the advance of metallurgy abilities and strategies of alternative civilisations, and the relationship among them, are conscientiously chartered. This quantity is worried with such very important subject matters because the upward thrust of metallurgy within the close to East and the commercial Revolution in Western Europe
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BUTLERandJ. D. VANDER WAALS:Paleohistoria, 1966,12,51 62 B. STURUP: Antiquity, 1967,41, 315 17 63 A. P. , 1974, (3), 242 -246 64 J. P. TAA VITSAINEN: 'A copper ring from Suovaara in N. Karelia', Fennoscandia antiqua. I, 1982,41-49 65 E. H. MINNS: Proc. Brit. Acad, 1942, 28, 47 66 V. MASSON: Atti CISPP, 1962, 2, 205 67 J. MELLAART: CAH, 1967, No. 59 68 M. F. TYLECOTE: 'Ancient metallurgy in China', Metall. Mat. , 435-439 70 SUNSHUYUN and HAN RUBIN: 'A preliminary study of early Chinese copper and bronze artefacts', Kaogu Yuebao, 1981, (3), 287-302 71 S.
The standard alloy (lO%Sn)was not regularly achieved until Middle Minoan III (1700 Be). F" ITALY The copper-using cultures of Remedello and Rinaldone were giving way to EBA cultures in about 1900-1800 Be. 14). There are signs of trade over the Brenner Pass," but in Tuscany we have deposits of both tin and copper which were undoubtedly used. " Many hoards have been found in various parts of Italy, which show the increased use of metal in the EBA. 59%Ag, was found in the Val Seriano.? 4-5%Sb which suggests a very different source, probably Hungarian.
Sulphide, Karnsdorf (Fahlerz)! 32·04 0'22 0'43 10'19 15'05 3-84 4'85 28-34 30·0 tr. 0'08 0-08 0'002 Sulphide, Velern St. Vid Hungary 1 17·35 2'1,2'5 nil 29'90 6'04 16-64 1·4 28'60 nil nil tr. 0'46 36'51 6'29 Oxide, . Egypt, E Desert Abu SeyalS3 5-48 Mostly oxide Very little Oxide, Parazuelos and East Spain 40 22'6 25 gft 0·02 0'02 0-02 1'5 33 40 20'5 tr. 0'5 1'21 0-5 27'0 41'6 9-0 nil 24·0 nil nil nil 8-4 28'35 0'025 0·05 4-92 0'33 1'61 ) 0-3 14'8 o-r Sulphide cone. Austrian108 nil nil nil nil 50inc.