By Tomek Strzalkowski, Sanda Harabagiu
This new Springer quantity presents a complete and exact examine present methods to automatic query answering. the extent of presentation is appropriate for rookies to the sphere in addition to for execs wishing to review this sector and/or to construct useful QA structures. The e-book can function a "how-to" guide for IT practitioners and approach builders. it could even be used to coach graduate classes in desktop technology, info technological know-how and similar disciplines.
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Additional resources for Advances in Open Domain Question Answering (Text, Speech and Language Technology)
The Multimedia Question Detection module detects when a multimedia answer is appropriate for a question. ”, but is useless for the question: “How many calories in a glass of wine? ”. If the output of this module is positive, the answer data structure is extended with a new slot that will store the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) of the multimedia answer next to the textual answer. The Image Extraction component extracts image URIs from HTML documents before they are converted to a canonical text representation.
Uses an apposition to describe the designer. An axiom is built to link the head of the noun phrases in the apposition such that they share the same argument: all x12 x13 x14 x15 x17 x18 x19 (italian_nn(x12) & andrea_nn(x13) & pfister_NN(x14) & nn_nnc(x15,x12,x13,x14) → designer_nn(x15) & of_in(x15, x17) & 1979_nn(x17) & bird_nn(x18) & cage_nn(x19)) Possessives A question/answer substitutes the use of a possessive by using an of or by preposition. ” the candidate answer, “Flying machines, which got off the ground with a 120 - foot flight by the Wright brothers in 1903…” implies ownership using the preposition by to connect the Wright brothers to flight.
The Colorado River flowed 10 D. MOLDOVAN, M. PAŞCA AND M. SURDEANU in the Salton trough about 130 miles east of San Diego”, the preposition in and into in the answer take in the same meaning. An axiom is built to link in to into: all x1 x2 (in_in(x1, x2) → into_in(x1, x2)) Part-of Relations in Location Questions A location seeking question may have a candidate answer that identifies a location by referring to a part-of the location. ”, the answer, “American Indians won another court battle over their right to worship without interference at Devils Tower National Monument in the northeast corner of Wyoming”, identifies Wyoming as the location of Devil s Tower by referring to the part of Wyoming in which it lies.