Download Amerikanuak: Basques In The New World by William A. Douglass PDF

By William A. Douglass

A vintage research of the Basque diaspora now to be had in paperback. while Amerikanuak used to be first released in 1975, it was once hailed as either a pioneering learn of 1 of the yankee West’s most crucial ethnic minorities and as a fascinating, finished survey of Basque migration and payment within the Americas. Its price as an important creation to the historical past of the Basque humans and their 5 centuries of involvement within the New global has no longer reduced within the thirty years when you consider that, and it is still the main available evaluate of the Basque diaspora within the Western Hemisphere. learn for the ebook took the authors via ten states of the yank West, Mexico, Colombia, Peru, Chile, Argentina, Brazil, and Venezuela as they traced the exploits of Basque whalers within the medieval Atlantic, the Basque conquistadors, missionaries, and colonists who shaped a dramatic a part of the heritage of Spanish the US, and the Basque sheepherders who have been the spine of the now approximately vanished range-sheep empires of the yankee West. additionally they stick with the tale of the Basques again to their mysterious origins in prehistory to supply history for realizing the Basques’ personality and their place of origin within the Pyrenean mountains and seacoasts among France and Spain. This new paperback version makes this vital examine of Basques in the US on hand to a different new release of readers. It features a clean preface via William A. Douglass that considers the research of Basque emigration because the book’s first booklet. The Basque sequence

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In 573 Leovigildus occupied the kingdom of Sabaria, a region along the Duero River (presentday northern Salamanca and southern Zamora). In~ ~575 Leovigildus began a campaign against the Suevians in Galicia which he was forced to abandon due to rebellions in southern Iberia. Again in both 578 and 579 Leovigildus was occupied by new rebellions in the south. However, by 580 he had succeeded in reasserting his control. It was in 581 that Leovigildus initiated a campaign against Vasconia. The chronicler Juan de Biclara noted that Leovigildus occupied parts of Vasconia in that year and founded the city that he called Victoriaco.

In 653 there were renewed Basque attacks against the Goths that led to the sacking of the city of Zaragoza and the occupation of Calahorra. The actions were linked to the political machinations of a Gothic leader, Froya, who governed the Jaca region of present-day Arag6n. When the king of the Goths, Chindasvintus, died, Froya made an agreement with the Basques to attack nearby cities. The combined forces occupied T h e abbey of Saint Denis, near Paris, was the favored church of the Merovingian kings, and especially of the kings Clovis and Dagobertus (the latter was interred there).

Rodericus was unable to organize effective resistance and was himself slain in a minor battle in 713. His widow married one of the Arab leaders, and the Arabs quickly consolidated their control over most of the Iberian peninsula. Aquila was nomi- THE BASQUE PEOPLE 39 nated king of the Goths, but in 714 he traveled with his brothers to Damascus and sold the kingdom to Caliph Walid I (705 - 15) for lands and money? The remnants of Rodericus's forces, certain nobles and churchmen, took refuge in the mountains of Asturias and Cantabria to organize a resistance.

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